Explain the 4 Types of Indonesian Seas According to the 1982 International Maritime Law

Indonesia is an archipelagic country that has many seas around it. According to the 1982 international maritime law, there are four types of sea in Indonesia, namely territorial sea, exclusive economic zone, high seas and inland waters. The following is a more detailed explanation of the four types of sea.

Territorial Sea

The territorial sea is a sea area that is 12 nautical miles from the coastal baseline. This sea area is part of Indonesia’s territory and the state has the right to control and utilize the natural resources therein. Apart from that, the state also has the right to make laws and regulations relating to territorial sea areas.

The territorial sea also has strategic importance in terms of state security because it can be used to protect land areas from foreign threats.

Exclusive economic zone

The exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea area that is 200 nautical miles from the coastal baseline. This sea area is an area under the sovereignty of the Indonesian state and the state has the right to control and utilize the natural resources within it. Apart from that, the state also has the right to make laws and regulations relating to the EEZ maritime area.

The existence of the EEZ provides an opportunity for Indonesia to develop marine natural resources such as fish, petroleum, natural gas and other minerals. Apart from that, EEZ can also be used for national defense and security purposes.

High seas

The high seas are sea areas located outside the territorial sea and EEZ. This sea area is not under the sovereignty of any country and can be used for international purposes such as shipping, scientific research and free fishing.

Indonesia has many high sea areas which serve as international shipping lanes. Therefore, Indonesia also has a responsibility to maintain the security and safety of shipping in the high seas area.

Inland Waters

Inland waters are areas of water located within the mainland or between islands that are under the sovereignty of the Indonesian state. This area includes rivers, lakes and reservoirs located on land.

Inland waters have great potential to be developed as water resources and electrical energy. Apart from that, inland waters are also a living place for various species of fauna and flora whose sustainability can be maintained.

Conclusion

The four types of sea in Indonesia have an important role in the life of the country and society. Therefore, the state needs to protect and utilize marine natural resources wisely so that they can provide maximum benefits for the welfare of the state and society.

By understanding the four types of sea in Indonesia according to the 1982 international maritime law, it is hoped that it can increase public awareness of the importance of protecting and utilizing marine resources properly and responsibly.


Posted

in

by

Tags:

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *